Floods and Flooding
What is a flood?
A flood is water which covers land that is normally dry.
What causes Floods?
Floods are caused by extreme weather conditions.
Floods may be caused by:
When does flooding occur?
River flooding occurs when there is too much water for the ground to absorb, through infiltration, and the surface run-off overflows the normal river channel.
What is a flood plain?
A flood plain is the flat land on either side of a river that becomes flooded when a river spills from its channel.
The photographs below show Tonbridge Sportsground at the start of the year 2003. The sportsground was submerged under more than three feet of water following 24 hours of downpours which left the area resembling a lake.
Tonbridge High Street Saved from Flooding
With the help of the Leigh Flood barrier and the re-inforced concrete wall built on the bank of the River Medway in Tonbridge, the town centre was protected from the rising water.