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Europe is the second smallest continent in size and the third largest when we consider population. The European continent houses 50 countries and five countries that are not recognised by the European community. The continent is located mainly in the eastern hemisphere and completely in the northern hemisphere. 



1. There are 50 countries in Europe with a total of more than 742 million people living on the continent. Of these 50 countries only 44 have their capital city on the European continent! 28 of the European states belong to the European Union. 


2. Largest Country: Russia (the European part is still the largest area than any other country. The Ukraine is quite a bit smaller and France comes third regarding country size  on the continent. - Did you know that France is larger than the state of California in the USA?


3. Largest City: Moscow in Russia. With more than 12 million inhabitants. Moscow is also one of the 11 biggest cities in the world.


4. Smallest Country: Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, both by population and by size.


5. Biggest Island: Greenland is the largest island in the world - considering Australia is a continent!


6. Longest River: Volga River in Russia (3,692metres/2,295miles) is Europe's longest river. The second longest is the Danube (2,860km/1,777miles) which is the most important commercial waterway in Europe.


7. Highest Mountains: Mount Elbrus in Russia (5,642 metres/18,510ft) is the highest mountain in Europe and is part of the Caucasus mountain range. The highest mountain in the European Alps is the Mont Blanc (France) or Monte Bianco (Italy). The mountain (5,642 metres/18,510ft) shares borders with Italy and France (that's why they have different names for it!) 


8. Europe Facts: Europe's Biggest Lake: Lake Ladoga in Russia is Europe's biggest lake and among the worlds biggest freshwater lakes (14th in the world). The lake is slightly smaller than Lake Ontario, which borders the USA and Canada. It is located near St Petersburg.


9. Largest Waterfalls: The Rhine Falls in Switzerland are the largest plain waterfalls in Europe. They are 150 metres/492feet wide and 23m/75ft. high!


10. There are several landlocked countries in Europe: San Marino and Vatican City are landlocked inside Italy, Andorra between France and Spain and Liechtenstein between Austria and Switzerland, but many countries in Central Europe share national borders only with several other countries and do not have access to the sea. These are: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Kosovo, Luxemburg,Slovakia, Serbia, Moldova, Macedonia and of course San Marino and Vatican City.

Europe | Destination World

Experience the continent known as the birthplace of Western civilization in this episode of "Destination World." Europe is the second smallest continent, but what it lacks in size it makes up for in history and culture.

Europe Homework Challenge

Europe Knowledge Organiser

You may have heard lots of talk in the news about the UK and something called Brexit.

There are a lot of words being used, so Newsround's handy guide is here to explain what they mean.

You have probably heard this word A LOT. It's in the name of this article!

Brexit is actually a made-up word that was invented about four years ago. It's two words simply put together - 'Britain' and 'exit'. Put them together and you have 'Brexit'.


It's now such a popular word that it was added to the dictionary at the end of 2016.

But why has Britain-exit, or Brexit, become a word in the first place? What is the UK exiting from? You can find out in the next section.


European Union (EU)

In June 2016, adults in the UK voted to exit from a group called the European Union (EU).


So, "Brexit" means "Britain exiting from the EU".


The EU is a group of 28 countries. They all work together to try to make things like buying and selling products to each other, and going to live and work in each other's countries, easier.


Referendum ballot paper

But many people think that the UK could have more control over how it runs itself if it is no longer a member of the group.


Most people who voted thought it would be better for decisions to be made in the UK rather than in the EU, so they voted to leave.


Now, the UK government will need to have lots of conversations with the EU to decide what their relationship will be like in future after leaving.


Article 50

The UK's prime minister Theresa May officially started the process for the UK to leave the European Union (EU).

She did this by triggering Article 50 in March 2017.